Violence accounts for over 1.6 million deaths per year, or 4,000 people per day. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) it is a significant public health, human rights, and human development problem.
Relationships Gone Wrong
Public health surveys around the world reveal that up to 69 percent of women reported being physically assaulted by their intimate male partner.
In countries like Australia, Canada, the United States, South Africa, and Israel, studies show that between 40-70 percent of female murder victims were killed by their boyfriends or husbands.
Violence against women is commonly performed by a husband or intimate male partner. Intimate partner violence does not discriminate. Women of a variety of social, economic, religious, or cultural groups prey victim to acts of physical aggression – such as slapping, kicking, and beating. They’re also subject to psychological abuses consisting of perpetual belittling, humiliating, and intimidation.
Violence by intimate partners has become a significant public health problem. In order to help resolve this major concern, communities, individuals, and other sectors must join forces on a national and international level.
Worldwide, women are at risk due to notions of male honor and female chastity. For instance, in various parts of the Eastern Mediterranean, male honor can be judged by the sexual “purity” of women in his family. If a woman is sexually “defiled”, voluntarily, or involuntarily she may be interpreted as having disgraced the family honor.
In Alexandria, Egypt, 47 percent of women who have been raped were killed by a relative. In addition, over 80 percent of the women who live in rural areas of Egypt justify beatings citing refusing a man sex as the number one reason.
Events That Trigger Violence
Various studies around the world provide a remarkable list of events that trigger partner violence in most relationships. Some of the triggers are the following:
- Not obeying the man
- Not having food ready on time
- Refusing a man sex
- Questioning the man about girlfriends or money
- Arguing back
- Going someplace without permission from the man
In addition, recently derived evidences in many relationships indicates violence may affect the lives of children. Children are usually present when domestic violence occurs.
In Ireland, 64 percent of abused women stated their children were witness to violence that occurred in the family on a routine basis; 50 percent of women in Monterrey, Mexico also substantiated this claim.
One can imagine the effects on children who witness marital violence. Children are more susceptible to emotional and behavioral problems which include anxiety, depression, inadequate school performance, low self-esteem, nightmares and physical health problems.
In Leo’n, Nicaragua, researchers uncovered some astounding facts. Children before the age of 5 years were six times more likely to die if they were children of women who were physically and sexually abused by their partner.
Additional Information on Violence Prevention
Violence accounts for over 1.6 million deaths per year…or 4,000 people per day. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) violence is a significant public health, human rights, and human development problem.
Eliminating the community and societal norms that instill and condone violence to girls and women is instrumental in reducing violence. Providing for the needs of victims, and increasing penalties for abusers will also help in deterring violence.
Local and city government’s public health offices may also provide the necessary information you need in getting support or providing assistance.